Pregnancy and Gum Disease

Taking care of your teeth during pregnancy is very crucial.

The elevated hormone levels cause an exaggerated inflammatory response to oral bacteria, leading to swollen, bleeding gums in up to 50% of pregnant women. This condition, known as pregnancy gingivitis, requires careful management to prevent more serious gum disease and potential complications for the baby. The inflamed, tender gums are highly susceptible to plaque build-up and bacterial infection.

Pregnancy gingivitis is considered a mild form of gum disease characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily from brushing or flossing. While unpleasant, it can usually be controlled through dedicated oral hygiene habits and professional cleanings. However, neglecting these inflamed gums allows harmful bacteria to spread deeper, potentially progressing into a more destructive condition called periodontitis.

If left untreated, gingivitis can advance into periodontitis, a severe gum infection that destroys the bone and connective tissues supporting the teeth. As the gums pull away, deep periodontal pockets form, providing an entry point for bacteria to infiltrate the bloodstream. This systemic infection has been linked to preterm birth, low birth weight, and other adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Brush your teeth every day

To minimize pregnancy gingivitis risk, brush thoroughly twice daily with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Gentle yet effective plaque removal is key, as residual plaque triggers gum inflammation. Spend two full minutes brushing all tooth surfaces.

Floss daily

Flossing dislodges sticky plaque and food debris stuck between teeth that brushing misses. This helps disrupt bacterial build-up along the gum lines. Daily flossing is crucial for controlling pregnancy gingivitis.

Use an antimicrobial mouthwash

Rinsing with an antimicrobial mouthwash can destroy harmful oral bacteria and reduce gingivitis severity. Look for an ADA-approved product with active ingredients like cetylpyridinium chloride or essential oils.

Eat a healthy diet

A balanced, nutrient-rich diet supports your oral and overall health during pregnancy. Focus on calcium-rich dairy, lean protein, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains while limiting sugary, acidic foods that feed oral bacteria.

Take your prenatal vitamins

These essential supplements provide folic acid, calcium, vitamin D, and other key nutrients for proper tooth development in utero and strong maternal dental health.


Visit your dentist

Despite meticulous homecare, professional cleanings are still crucial for removing hardened tartar deposits. Most dentists recommend preventive visits every 3-4 months during pregnancy to monitor gingivitis progression. Your dentist can also provide antimicrobial treatments.

Don’t avoid needed dental work while pregnant out of unfounded fears – it is perfectly safe with proper precautions. Most non-emergency procedures like fillings or crowns are best performed during the second trimester when pregnancy risks are lowest. Open communication with your dentist about your stage of pregnancy is vital.

To ensure a healthy pregnancy smile, make dental visits an essential part of your prenatal care routine. For premium dental care throughout pregnancy, Bayswater Dentist is an outstanding choice for Melbourne mothers-to-be. Their skilled team utilizes leading techniques while adhering to strict safety protocols for expectant patients. You can feel confident entrusting your smile to Bayswater Dentist’s compassionate, experienced hands.